Friday, July 15, 2011

बम से उड़ाई प्राचीन बौद्घ गुफा



आदेशों की अनदेखी 
वेकोलि प्रबंधन की मनमानी का खुलासा इसी से होता है कि तत्कालीन जिलाधिकारी प्रदीप कालभोर ने 2008 में वेकोलि को इस गुफा को किसी भी तरह का नुकसान न पहुंचाने के आदेश दिये थे। इतना ही नहीं जिला प्रशासन ने वेकोलि को उस समय 3 दिन में रिपोर्ट भेजने को भी कहा था। लकिन वेकोली ने जिलाधिकारी के आदेशों की अनदेखी कर इस गुफा को उड़ा दिया।

हजारों वर्ष पुरानी बौद्घ गुफा बुधवार को वेकोलि द्वारा बम से ध्वस्त कर दी गई। बौद्घ धर्म के हिनयान पंथ की यह गुफा वर्षावास में अहम मानी जाती थी। चंद्रपुर स्थित यह सांस्कृतिक विरासत बामीयान की तरह ध्वस्त कर दी गई। जैसे ही इतिहास अध्ययनकर्ता व इतिहास प्रेमियों को इस घटना की जानकारी मिली, उन्होंने घटनास्थल का मुआयना किया।

वेकोलि चंद्रपुर क्षेत्र अंतर्गत आनेवाली माना खुली खदान परिसर में यह बौद्घ गुफा थी। पूर्व में वेकोलि प्रबंधन की ओर से इस गुफा के उत्खनन को लेकर (
http://epaper.bhaskar.com/mpcg/Details.aspx?id=78994&boxid=71514936390)

2000 years old caves demolished to excavate coal


CHANDRAPUR: The 2,000 year-old Buddhist caves, located in the premises of Mana opencast mines, were demolished by authorities of Western Coalfields Limited (WCL) here on Tuesday evening. They carried out the demolition to excavate huge deposits of coal underneath it and plan to pull down the entire hillock to erase the remains of the caves.

Hindustan Lalpeth Open Cast (HLOC), sub-area of WCL had taken up the excavation of the 300 sq metre block bearing the ancient caves two years ago. Excavation of 1.5 lakh metric tonnes coal deposits was withheld due to these caves.

They had withheld the demolition in 2009, after the collector intervened in the matter, after the religious organizations and Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage raised a hue and cry against it. However, their continued excavation around the caves had made it inaccessible.

Sources informed that the mine authorities gave the tender to a private company to demolish the hillock along with the caves. The company drilled the explosives 80 meters into the long solid rock bearing caves and blew it away. The ancient caves crumbled as boulders scattered over the high hillock. Fumes of smoke emitted from the hillock as the coal underneath caught fire.

Though the state archaeology department is aware of the old Mana caves, WCL obtained a letter from the Archeological Survey of India stating that the structure is not officially listed as a protected monument by the department.

District collectorate sources said that in 2009 the collector had asked WCL authorities not to demolish the caves. The present collector was not available for comments. However, the resident deputy collector Abhay Badkelwar said he does not remember any request for permission to demolish the caves in the last few months.

WCL chief general manager TN Jha, in charge of Chandrapur region, was in Nagpur and not available for comments.

Member of central governing committee of INTACH Ashoksingh Thakur said, "These caves should have been protected as they were a part of our culture and their destruction is irrevocable. WCL has no right to demolish the ancient structure just because it is not listed as 'protected' in the ASI's list." Terming the day as a black day for archaeology and history, he added that the WLC officers, who were from other states, held no value for local history or cultural values.

According to historians, the ancient caves belonged to the Heniyan sect. It was used as a place of worship and meditation during 1st century AD. It got its name the from Nag dynasty of Mana community that ruled the area in 9th century AD and later accepted Buddhism. The four ca ves were carved adjacent to each other in around 80 foot long single solid rock in Mana. 
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/nagpur/2000-years-old-caves-demolished-to-excavate-coal/articleshow/9229564.cms

5 comments:

  1. Inquiry ordered into Mana caves demolition
    Jul 16, 2011, 05.29am IST TNN

    CHANDRAPUR: Demolition of 2000-year-old Mana caves located in Mana opencast mine have evoked sharp reactions from all walks of life. While collector has initiated inquiry into the matter, Buddhist organizations have threatened of agitations to press for stringent action against the WCL authorities. Local MP and MLA too have condemned the incident and demanded strong action against those responsible for destruction of the heritage site.

    It has come to fore that former collector Pradeep Kalbhor had directed (vide letter dated June 9, 2009) to CGM of WCL Chandrapur area to ensure the safety of the Buddhist caves and see all excavation work around the historic caves are stopped with immediate effect. Three years back former CGM of Chandrapur WCL area Umashankar Tiwari had also given written assurance to Buddhist organization not to damage the ancient Buddhist caves. But WCL took no heed of collector's directives and continued the excavation work, turning the block bearing caves into tall tower looking hillock and finally demolished the caves on Tuesday.

    Collector Vijay Waghmare said that WCL sought no consent from collectorate for demolition of the caves. "They have approached us to discuss about the caves claiming that there are no evidences of it being connected to Buddhism. They had a letter issued by Archeological Survey of India stating that Mana caves are not listed under protected monument," said Waghmare.

    He said that he will investigate into the matter and consult the state archaeological department on the issue. Historian Ashoksingh Thakur was summoned to the collectorate and historic details of the demolished caves were sought from him.

    Assistant director, state archeology, Anand Bhoyar said that though the caves were not listed as protected monument, but WCL had no authority to destroy those. "Those were historic caves, although there is no record about them with state archaeology. Chandrapur chapter of Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage had extensively corresponded with our office for safety of the caves. As per state government's circular dated September 10, 1982, it is responsibility of local authority (in this case WCL) to ensure protection and conservation of unlisted historic monument. It is unfortunate that they were demolished," said Bhoyar.

    He said that he has no authority to take action against WCL for demolition of the caves. "Local administrative authorities can take action in this regard," he said.

    MP Hansraj Ahir termed the destruction of ancient caves as indispensable loss to history and culture. "The caves were cultural heritage of Chandrapur and its demolition is an unpardonable crime," he said. He blamed the WCL authorities and district administration for the loss and demanded strong action against the culprits.

    MLA Nana Shamkule termed it as assault on Indian culture. "I had warned WCL against damaging the caves and given a letter to the collector asking him to ensure its safety. But none of the two authorities replied to my letter," he said.

    Buddhist leaders are fuming over the demolition of historic Buddhist caves. Veteran Buddhist and Republican leader VD Meshram threatened of agitation if administration failed to taken action against the WCL for demolition of the caves.

    "Former WCL CGM Umashankar Tiwari had assured us of not damaging the ancient caves a few years back. But the WCL authorities have stabbed the Buddhist community on their back. Archeological department and district administration should take strong action against the WCL officer or be ready to face the wrath of our community," Meshram warned.
    http://m.timesofindia.com/PDATOI/articleshow/9240934.cms

    ReplyDelete
  2. Mana caves inaccessible due to quarry dug by WCL

    Mazhar Ali, TNN Jul 13, 2009, 04.59am IST
    CHANDRAPUR: Those visiting the Mana opencast mine come across a tiny island having 2,000-year-old Buddhist caves standing tall between an over hundred-metre deep quarry. After a hue and cry by the social and Buddhist organisations and objection from the district administration, WCL authorities spared the ancient caves from demolition, but dug up a deep quarry around it literary making the historic site inaccessible. TOI had repeatedly raised the issue of protection and conservation of the ancient site through its reports, but WCL's greed for coal has now pushed the ancient monument to the verge of destruction.

    According to historians, the ancient caves belong to the Heniyan sect of Buddhism and are around 2,000 years old. It used to be a place of worship and meditation in the first century AD. The caves got the name Mana from the Nag dynasty of the Mana community that ruled the area in 9th century AD and later accepted Buddhism. Carved from a single solid rock, the four caves, adjacent to each other, come under the area of Hindustan Lalpeth Open Cast (HLOC), a sub-area of WCL. Since the last few months, HLOC has begun excavation of around 300 sq metres of land having around 8 lakh metric tons of coal underneath just near the historic site.
    "In the early days of excavation they (WCL authorities) had left a narrow approach road that connected the site with the main land, but now that too has been excavated. The quarry is more than hundred metres deep and surrounds the block of land bearing the ancient caves making it an island, which is not accessible anymore," said Ashoksingh Thakur, Chandrapur chapter convener of Indian National Trust for Art Culture and Heritage (Intach).

    Thakur added that the caves were already endangered because of the high magnitude blasting, but now the land bearing the caves has been carved into the island therefore the threat to the Buddhist structure has increased.

    "In spite of the assurance given by WCL authorities to preserve the ancient historic structure, the blasting had created several cracks in the ancient caves. Now that coal is being extracted from the foot of island at a the depth of more than 100 metres, some day the entire overhead structure will crumble into the pieces," fears Thakur.

    Few months ago, following reports about the threat to the ancient Buddhist structure, NGOs and Buddhist organisations had taken up the issue with the district administration. Activists of Sambodhi Buddhist Cultural Society had staged a demonstration before the CGM's office, Chandrapur area and had sought assurance for protection of the caves in writing. Following the hue and cry, the district collector and even the National Commission for Minorities had intervened and urged the WCL management to ensure the safety of the site. However, it appears that after the dust of the protest settled, mine authorities went ahead with their plan and literary turned the historic monument into inaccessible island.
    http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2009-07-13/nagpur/28150582_1_buddhist-caves-wcl-heniyan

    ReplyDelete
  3. Ancient Caves
    There are nine ancient caves dating back to the eighth century in Chandrapur. It is believed that the caves were first carved out somewhere during the 8th century. Buddhist monks later used these caves. A large number of Buddhist sculptures can be seen engraved in these caves.

    Read more: http://www.indiavision.com/countries/india/?c*chandrapur#ixzz1SFrIUAn6

    ReplyDelete
  4. Mana caves inaccessible due to quarry dug by WCL
    by Mazhar Ali, TNN, 13 July 2009
    CHANDRAPUR, India -- Those visiting the Mana opencast mine come across a tiny island having 2,000-year-old Buddhist caves standing tall between an over hundred-metre deep quarry.
    After a hue and cry by the social and Buddhist organisations and objection from the district administration, WCL authorities spared the ancient caves from demolition, but dug up a deep quarry around it literary making the historic site inaccessible.

    TOI had repeatedly raised the issue of protection and conservation of the ancient site through its reports, but WCL's greed for coal has now pushed the ancient monument to the verge of destruction.

    According to historians, the ancient caves belong to the Heniyan sect of Buddhism and are around 2,000 years old. It used to be a place of worship and meditation in the first century AD.

    The caves got the name Mana from the Nag dynasty of the Mana community that ruled the area in 9th century AD and later accepted Buddhism. Carved from a single solid rock, the four caves, adjacent to each other, come under the area of Hindustan Lalpeth Open Cast (HLOC), a sub-area of WCL.

    Since the last few months, HLOC has begun excavation of around 300 sq metres of land having around 8 lakh metric tons of coal underneath just near the historic site.

    "In the early days of excavation they (WCL authorities) had left a narrow approach road that connected the site with the main land, but now that too has been excavated. The quarry is more than hundred metres deep and surrounds the block of land bearing the ancient caves making it an island, which is not accessible anymore," said Ashoksingh Thakur, Chandrapur chapter convener of Indian National Trust for Art Culture and Heritage (Intach).

    Thakur added that the caves were already endangered because of the high magnitude blasting, but now the land bearing the caves has been carved into the island therefore the threat to the Buddhist structure has increased.

    "In spite of the assurance given by WCL authorities to preserve the ancient historic structure, the blasting had created several cracks in the ancient caves. Now that coal is being extracted from the foot of island at a the depth of more than 100 metres, some day the entire overhead structure will crumble into the pieces," fears Thakur.

    Few months ago, following reports about the threat to the ancient Buddhist structure, NGOs and Buddhist organisations had taken up the issue with the district administration. Activists of Sambodhi Buddhist Cultural Society had staged a demonstration before the CGM's office, Chandrapur area and had sought assurance for protection of the caves in writing.

    Following the hue and cry, the district collector and even the National Commission for Minorities had intervened and urged the WCL management to ensure the safety of the site.

    However, it appears that after the dust of the protest settled, mine authorities went ahead with their plan and literary turned the historic monument into inaccessible island.
    http://www.buddhistchannel.tv/index.php?id=42,8354,0,0,1,0

    ReplyDelete
  5. Western Coalfields Ltd has completely demolished 2000 yrs-old 3 famous Buddhist caves at Mana near Chandrapur MS. Strong agitation must. JAGO. Plz Forward.
    *************
    (This is within 160 characters & can be sent in 1 SMS. So plz send it thru SMS to all related people. Thanks.)

    ReplyDelete